April 29th, 2017 8:35 AM by Jackie A. Graves, President
Home repair expenses won't keep you awake at
night when you know you've got a plan in place.
Many people will become first-time home buyers this spring.
Those buyers are probably running the numbers now: This much for the mortgage,
this much for property tax, a bit more for utilities….
Some of them will get renovation loans that allow them
to rehab a fixer-upper and
make it fit for fine living, but many won’t think to include the cost of ongoing maintenance as they plan
their new budgets.
The adventure of buying a home was one that my husband and
I approached with great excitement. We were ready to dive into gardening,
outdoor entertaining, having a dog, and creating a space that was all ours.
Like many first-time home buyers, we had a lot to learn. In
addition to delving into our personal finances, we studied up on things like mortgage insurance,
flood zones, and — after a particularly revealing inspection on a home we
didn’t end up buying — foundation types.
One thing that didn’t come up in our new-homeowner education:
Budgeting for home repairs.
While unexpected home repairs can strain almost any budget,
being prepared for these inevitable costs promised deep peace of mind.
We wanted to be the kind of homeowners who were prepared to
replace a water heater or repair a roof without pulling out our credit card, so
we began researching how much we should save each month to keep our home safe
As part of our research, we tried out two different methods of
estimating home-maintenance costs, and set up a successful home repair budget.
Option 1: The assessed-value method
Many experts advise setting aside between 1 percent and 4
percent of the assessed value of your home each year for repairs and
maintenance. Maintenance costs for homes that are aging, remotely located
(like island homes), or lavishly trimmed out with features like swimming pools
can run toward the higher end.
Our home didn’t fall under any of these categories, so we chose
1.5 percent (one of the most commonly recommended rates) when we set up our
The assessed value (which forms the basis for property taxes)
can vary a lot from the market value of a home. Knowing this, we also used our
home value on Zillow to create our estimate.
This method was incredibly easy, but it didn’t give us complete
peace of mind. Three major factors led us to take a deeper look at our actual
Our specific situation gave us additional reason to doubt the
assessed-value method of estimating. Because we are close to great amenities
like a commuter rail station and a walkable historic downtown, we could own a
much larger home just a half hour away with a lower assessed value. This much
larger home would be more expensive to maintain than our cozy abode, but a
savings rate based on assessed value would have us putting aside less money. The
only way to ensure our peace of mind was to test the accuracy of this
Option 2: Itemized project costs
Testing the accuracy of our home-maintenance budget required
figuring out the cost of individual home repairs, and the lifespan of things
like paint jobs and furnaces.
Here are a few factors we kept in mind as we put together a
second estimate based on itemized costs:
Overall, this approach to budgeting was all about creating
a customized savings plan that was specific to our needs. Here’s what we
came up with:
Finding the facts
We are not experts in home construction and
repair. When we weren’t sure how much to estimate, we used the Home Advisor True Cost Guide or talked with
We also didn’t need this budget to cover the cost of small
expenses like lawnmowers or minor repairs. We knew we would use our everyday
spending money to cover these less significant expenses, and save our home
repair dollars for when we truly needed them.
A customizable solution
The beauty of a customizable solution like this one is that we
can update our savings goals whenever we have new information about our home.
If we discovered that our roof should be replaced within five years, we could
change the lifespan and instantly update our monthly savings goal.
This method would be especially helpful if we owned an older
home with several pressing repair needs.
What did we learn?
After all the time-consuming work of putting together the
itemized estimate, it came out surprisingly close to using the assessed value
method. This was especially true when we used our home’s market value instead
of the value assigned by the Assessor-Treasurer’s office.
Unless there are dramatic fluctuations in the housing market,
we’ll be setting our savings rate based on our home’s estimated market value in
the future. We’ll also be sure to update our savings goals each year to make
sure the amount we’ve budgeted is enough to keep up with inflation.
If we decide that something more than plain-Jane home
maintenance is in our future, we’ll set aside a bit more to allow us to pay for
remodels or renovations.
These tools together helped us set up a successful home-repair
budget. The money we contribute to our home-repair fund each month is a small
price to pay for peace of mind.
Ready to set up your customized home-repair budget? Download the Home Repair Budget
Tool to estimate the costs for your home using either of these
By Melanie Harding - To view the
original article click here