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Housing Scorecard: Nearly 6 Million Fewer Underwater as Prices Hit 2005 Levels

January 13th, 2014 9:29 AM by Jackie A. Graves, President

Rising home prices are continuing to drive down the number of homeowners who are underwater according to the DecemberHousing Scorecard published by the Departments of Treasury and Housing and Urban Development (HUD).  HUD Associate Deputy Assistant Secretary for Economic Affairs Edward J. Szymanoski said, "Since the beginning of 2012, the number of homeowners underwater has declined by 5.7 million and homeowners' equity has risen by 55 percent to $9.7 trillion."  Homeowners' equity jumped $418 billion, or 4.5 percent, to $9.669 trillion in the third quarter of 2013, returning to a level slightly higher than at the end of 2003. 

As of October 2013, the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) purchase-only index rose 8.2 percent from last year and ticked up 0.5 percent (seasonally adjusted) from September, showing that home values are now on par with prices in early 2005. The S&P/Case-Shiller 20-City Home Price Index for October posted returns of 13.6 percent over the past 12 months and was up 0.2 percent (not seasonally adjusted) over September, indicating that home values are at the same level as in mid-2004. 

The Scorecard notes there is much good news to report but the overall recovery remains fragile.  Szymanoski said there remains more work to do to address the 6.4 million homeowners who remain underwater; "Nevertheless, these are encouraging signs that the housing market recovery is providing millions of American homeowners with more economic security."

The Scorecard is a monthly recap of housing data from sources such as FHFA and S&P Case-Shiller as well as RealtyTrac, the National Associations of Home Builders and Realtors®, and the Census Bureau, most of which has been previously reported by MND.  It also contains by reference the monthly record of the Making Home Affordable (MHA) Program and nearly half dozen initiatives operating under that umbrella.

The MHA report this month contains data through November 2013 and this month spotlights the Second Lien Modification Program (2MP).  That program was expanded in September and now, when a borrower's first lien is modified under the GSE Standard Modification requirements (which applies to loans owned or guaranteed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac) and the first lien satisfies the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) eligibility criteria, the 2MP servicer must offer to modify or extinguish the borrower's second lien under 2MP.

The report says that more than 123,000 second lien modifications have now been completed through 2MP and homeowners with an active permanent 2MP modification save a median of $153 per month on their second mortgage and a median total of  $784 on first and second mortgages, 41 percent of the pre-modification payment.  Homeowners who receive a full extinguishment of their second lien receive a median total first and second lien monthly payment reduction of $1,047, or 53 percent of their before-modification payment.

MHA says the various programs it operates, HAMP, 2MP, Home Affordable Foreclosure Alternatives (HAFA) and the UP Forbearance Program, have assisted 1.9 million homeowners since they were initiated in 2009 and later.  Of these, 1.3 million were modifications done through HAMP.  Since the last HAMP report there have been 22,814 permanent first lien modifications initiated and a total of 35,869 assisted through all MHA programs except its . Principle Reduction Activity (PRA).   That program has eliminated $10,124,838,950 in outstanding principal and another $2.5 billion in principle has been reduced outside of PRA.  GSE loans are not eligible for principle reduction. 

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Posted by Jackie A. Graves, President on January 13th, 2014 9:29 AM

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